Jazz Rock - Episode 1British musicians in the late 1950’s and early 1960’s were among the 1st to fuse jazz with the popular sound of R&B and rock. Although jazz and R&B come from the same “root” system they began to diverge in the mid to late 1940’s with the advent of the “jump” and rhythm and blues bands.
|Green Onions||Graham Bond||Solid Bond||1963-1965|
|Woke Up this Morning||Alexis Korner||Blues Incorporated||1963-1964|
|The Grass is Greener||Graham Bond||Solid Bond||1963|
|Have You Heard||John Mayall||Bluesbreakers with Eric Clapton||1966|
|Sunshine of Your Love||Cream||Live Cream, Vol. 2||ca. 1968|
Jazz Rock - Episode 2These British bands from the late 1960’s and early 1970s fused rock, jazz, and orchestral elements. These are some of the most interesting groups that fused jazz elements with rock to come from Great Britain during this period.
|Serenade to a Cuckoo||Jethro Tull||This Was||1968|
|Glad||Traffic||John Barleycorn Must Die||1970|
|Slightly All the Time||The Soft Machine||Third||1970|
|21st Century Schizoid Man||King Crimson||In The Court Of The Crimson King||1969|
|Debut||Colosseum||Those Who about to Die||1969|
|Torrid Zone||Nucleus||Elastic Rock||1970|
|Ballad of Boogaloo||Nucleus||Elastic Rock||1970|
Jazz Rock - Episode 3There were many rock musicians in the 1960’s who were influenced by jazz, especially Miles Davis’s album Kind of Blue and John Coltrane’s excursion into modal and Indian influenced music. It is important to remember that the full impact of Davis’s and Coltrane’s work was still being felt throughout the 1960’s. On Paul Butterfield’s album East-West there are two extended jams that feature guitarist Mike Bloomfield. Both reflected his love of jazz, as "Work Song" had become a jazz standard. The title track "East-West" used elements of modal jazz as introduced by Miles Davis on Kind of Blue. The Blues Project was a band from the Greenwich Village in New York City that lasted from 1965-1967. While their songs drew from a wide array of musical styles including jazz and they are most remembered as one of the first “jam” bands along with the Grateful Dead. When keyboardist Al Kooper joined the band he brought with him his love of jazz and improvisation.
|Work Song||The Paul Butterfield Band||East-West||1966|
|East-West||The Paul Butterfield Band||East-West||1966|
|Flute Thing||Blues Project||Projections||1967|
|Third Stone from the Sun||Jimi Hendrix||Are You Experienced||1967|
|Voodoo Chile||Jimi Hendrix||Electric Ladyland||1968|
|Voodoo Child (Slight Return)||Jimi Hendrix||Electric Ladyland||1968|
Jazz Rock - Episode 4Super Session was an album envisioned by keyboardist Al Kooper featuring the work of guitarists Mike Bloomfield and Stephen Stills. Kooper and Bloomfield had previously worked together on the sessions for the ground-breaking classic Highway 61 Revisited by Bob Dylan. The Super Session recording also featured jazz session bassist Harvey Brooks who would later perform on Miles Davis’s album Bitches Brew. Bloomfield is the guitarist on “Modal Majesty” and Stills played on “Season of the Witch.”
The Allman Brother were one of the most popular rock bands to be influenced by jazz. Their performances often featured extended guitar solos by both Duane Allman and Dicky Betts and the inclusion of two drummers (one being a jazz drummer) gave them a unique sound and rhythm to burn. The bassist and organist were both excellent soloists. Frank Zappa is one of the most difficult musicians to categorize: his music utilizes such an enormous range of influences including jazz. His album, Hot Rats, focuses on instrumental jazz-like compositions with extensive soloing. The song "Peaches en Regalia" is widely recognized as a modern jazz fusion standard and is one of Zappa's best known tunes.
|His Holy Modal Majesty||Al Kooper/Mike Bloomfield||Super Session||1968|
|Season of the Witch||Al Kooper/Steven Stills||Super Session||1968|
|In Memory of Elizabeth Reed||Allman Brothers Band||Fillmore East||1971|
|Whipping Post||Allman Brothers Band||Fillmore East||1971|
|Son of Mr. Green Genes||Frank Zappa||Hot Rats||1969|
|The Gumbo Variations||Frank Zappa||Hot Rats||1969|
Jazz Rock - Episode 5Established jazz artists who began utilizing elements of rock music from 1965 to 1970.
Most of these artists were born in the early to mid-1940’s and came of age listening to a
combination of jazz and popular rock music of the 1950’s and 1960’s. Their music
vacillates between Afro-Cuban influenced rock with some straight ahead swing; often a
bit of James Brown rhythm section funk is also added.
The music from this period is combination of a number of different approaches distilled
into a loose, but appealing style that could reach young, record buying audiences. Miles
Davis would soon embrace this approach with his “electric” albums starting in 1968.
Saxophonist/flautist Charles Lloyd had one of the early successful groups in this vein
followed by Larry Coryell and the Free Spirits in New York around the same time. Soon
vibraphonist Gary Burton would become an important figure in this movement leading
several influential groups with pianist Keith Jarrett.
|The Raven Speaks||Jarrett/Burton||Keith Jarret/Gary Burton||1970|
|Forest Flower||Charles Lloyd||Forest Flower: Live at Monterey||1966|
|Sorcery||Charles Lloyd||Forest Flower: Live at Monterey||1966|
|Don’t Look Now||The Free Spirits||Out Of Sight And Sound||1966|
|Sunday Telephone||The Free Spirits||Live At the Scene||1967|
|Liturgy||Gary Burton Quartet||Duster||1967|
|Doin' the Pig||Gary Burton||Throb||1969|
Jazz Rock - Episode 6The late 1960’s into the early 1970’s was a confusing time for
jazz. There were many new jazz styles emerging that had little in common with the
styles of the previous 50 years and listeners were divided on what was jazz and what
This does not detract from the creativity of these young artists. In the 1960’s Ornette
Coleman, Cecil Taylor, and John Coltrane began to disassemble the rules of 1950’s jazz
which created further controversy.
Musicians are often influenced by the types of music they listened to in their formative
years and this manifests itself years later on their records. Rock music was so prevalent
from the mid 1950’s through the present that it would be difficult for young jazz
musicians not to be influenced by these sounds. One of the most interesting of all these
groups was the Paul Winter Consort. Winter had been on the jazz scene since the 1950’s
and was not a newcomer. His music blended so many influences that it is difficult to
|Mint Tea||Jeremy Steig||Wayfaring Stranger||1970|
|Sparky||The Fourth Way||The Fourth Way||1969|
|Sun Moon||The Fourth Way||The Sun and Moon Have Come Together||1970|
|Fantasy, Fugue, Ghost||Paul Winter Consort||Road||1969|
|General Pudson’s Entrance||Paul Winter Consort||Road||1969|